“Over the last 100 years, the Church has been the uniting point for everyone. In 1947, the majority of the villagers migrated to Armenia. On 15 August 1936, the two sections have been merged in one building in the Meydan quarter. Originally, the Armenian residents of the village were Turkish-speaking and very few of them could understand the Armenian dialect of Kessab. At the beginning, the school was founded in 1921 as Cilician Refugees School by the efforts of the Cilician Relief Association. Many Armenians left Kessab for Lebanon or took refuge in the mountains. Ediboğlu was also barred from approaching the border by Turkish soldiers but wrote of seeing "dozens of Syrian-plated cars nonstop transporting terrorists from the military road between Gözlekçiler village and our military base at Kayapinar." Kevo, who now leads the Syrian Armenians’ Union in Armenia, says he thinks the diminution of Syria’s Christian minority is irreversible because, he says, very few refugees will ever go back. Nowadays, the villages has 45 families, consisted entirely of Armenians. Bashord was located near the Syrian-Turkish borderline around 7 km west of Kessab, approximately 5 km westwards Karadash and 600 meters north of the valley of Karadouran. Approximately 5,000 flee Syria every day. Therefore, the Armenians of Kessab built a small chapel in Esguran to become the new site of the celebrations of the Assumption of Virgin Mary. Many Armenians originating from Lebanon, Syria and other Arab countries were attracted by the economic opportunities provided by Qatar, and they came to Qatar for jobs. Nowadays, the villages has 32 families, consisted equally of Armenians and Arab Alawites. The mediators welcomed the announcement on a ceasefire and called on the sides to execute their commitments in full. Nowadays, around 20 families with a majority of Armenians live in Duzaghaj. During the Ottoman period, the Levantine Armenian communities had diminished in number because of previous conflicts, such as the Mamluk invasion of Cilicia,[2] Tamerlane's invasion of Syria, and so on. During the reign of the ruler of the short-lived Armenian Empire Tigranes The Great, in the 1st century BC, and later the Roman era, the Syrian coast flourished greatly and had a positive effect on the development of the Kessab region. [3], With its dry climate and encirclement by wooded green mountains and deep valleys, Kessab is a favoured vacation resort for Syrians, mainly from Aleppo and Latakia.[2]. *The term ‘death marches’ is used for the displaced Armenians’ forced marches across the Syrian Desert, where many died of starvation, dehydration or illness. In 2002, Ousumnasirats Miatsyal was expanded and turned into a high school offering studies until 12th grade (Syrian state baccalaureate). The village is an assembly of 9 small and large quarters spread all over the deep valley between the Bashord and Dyunag mountains. Armenians in Egypt are a community with a long history. The prelacy has the following church buildings under its jurisdiction in Syria: Diocese of Damascus under the jurisdiction of the, Cathedral of Our Mother of Reliefs of Aleppo (1840), Holy Saviour - Saint Barbara Church of Aleppo (1937), Church of Our Lady of Annunciation of Aleppo (1942), Holy Mother of God - Martyrs Church of Raqqa, Notre-Dame Cathedral of the Universe of Damascus, Saint Gregory the Illuminator Church of Deir ez-Zor, Diocese of Kessab: covers the Catholic Armenian population in the, Saint Michael the Archangel Church of Kessab, Church of Our Lady of Assumption of Baghjaghaz, Kessab. Starting from the 1990s, many more families from Kessab and Karadouran have moved to Karadash. They number about 6000 concentrated in Cairo and Alexandria, the two largest Egyptian cities.[4]. A district of individual villas has been constructed at the backside of the original village. in 1876) and the Nersessian School. A teacher for 25 years, Kananian cared for children at an Armenian orphanage during the war. They tend to speak the western dialect of the Armenian language (except those of Iran) and the majority are adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church, with smaller Catholic and Protestant minorities. The school has a theatre hall named after, Zavarian Primary School, founded as Nersessian School in 1925 with a centre adult orphans. Within few years, the villagers in Duzaghaj have developed large farms attracting more settlers from the neighbouring villages. It will be a shame to abandon all of that and leave the country. The fighters reportedly crossed into Syria from the village of Gözlekçiler, close to the border. Copyright © 2011 - 2020 — World Watch Monitor. [11] The result of the annexation of the Sanjak of Alexandretta proved disastrous for the Armenians of Kessab: Mount Casius was attached to the Turkish side including their farms, properties, laurel tree forests and the grazing lands located in the mountain's bosoms and valleys that once used to belong to the native Armenians. The town is known for its laurel soaps and apples. Baghjaghaz or al-Mushrifeh (Arabic: المشرفة‎), is divided into 2 parts: upper Baghjaghaz and lower Baghjaghaz. [21][22][23] Around 250 families from Kessab who had taken refuge in Latakia returned to their homes a day after the Syrian Army recaptured the town. [9] Prior to the Lebanese Civil War, the number was higher, but the community lost a portion of its population to emigration. Our Lady of Joy Greek Catholic Monastic complex of Karadash. Keorkeuna (Arabic: كوركونا‎), is located around 5 km south of Kessab, few hundred meters west of Chakhaljekh village and around 2 km east of Ekizolukh village. The aid will target Syrian Armenians’ housing issues, development of their businesses, and their re-training and skill development. Avetis Aharonian theatre hall of the Armenian Prelacy, opened in 1959, renovated and renamed in 1989 (450 seats), Zavarian theatre hall of the Armenian Prelacy, opened in 1965, renovated in 2002 (350 seats), Zohrab Kaprielian theatre hall of Grtasirats Cultural Association, opened in 1973, renovated and renamed in 1999 (600 seats), Kevork Yesayan theatre hall of the Armenian Prelacy, opened in 2005 (700 seats). One day, amidst the cauldron of war, Kevo found his Aleppo factory, which produced air filters for vehicles, demolished to the ground by air strikes. The scattered historical remains in the village, indicate that Keorkeuna has been inhabited since ancient times. Lragir.am, 28 July 2014. "Apart from this, the city of Qamishli, home to a number of Armenian residents, is also under attack, he added. In 1909, the village was burnt and looted by the Turks. Syria is on the boarders with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon. [12] The civilian populations of Kessab and its surrounding villages either fled or were evacuated, with most seeking safety in Latakia, and Kessab is currently under the control of rebel groups. In 1920, only 50 people out of the original 200 villagers were able to return to the village. Located at a height ranging between 650 and 850 above sea level, in the middle of dense coniferous Mediterranean forest, the town is a summer destination for Syrian people and for foreign visitors. There are no written sources about the primitive history of the Kessab region, but the first record of the name of Kessab was mentioned in a historical document dating back to the Crusaders period when Duke Belmont I granted the region of "Kasbisi" to the family of Peter the Hermit. The Sunday buzz in and around churches is a reassurance that life continues and the Armenian Christian presence within Syria will still continue, says Hrip Kananian. It was reported that the attackers, members of the al-Nusra Front, Sham al-Islam, and Ansar al-Sham, advanced directly from Turkish territory, were being supported by the Turkish military, and that injured rebel fighters were being sent to medical centres in Turkey. More than 650 valuable pieces are exhibited in the museum. In 1947, 63 individuals from Keorkeuna migrated to Soviet Armenia, particularly from the Chelebian family. Recently,[when?] Now, as ever, she says the Syrian Armenian community is united around the Church, trying to live “as if nothing has happened”. But the eastern and northern areas of the region remained unsecured, because they were constantly vulnerable to attacks from neighboring Turkish villages. The number of Armenians in Egypt is decreasing due to migrations to other countries and a return migration to Armenia. “Before the war, we were 100 per cent sure that we were safe and secure in Syria, but it turned out we weren’t. [citation needed]. [18] Also on 3 April, Ruben Melkonyan, deputy dean of the Oriental Studies department at Yerevan State University, said that the Armenian community of Kessab was unlikely to recover and that what had happened were "crimes that make a genocide". The church was damaged during the attack of Jabhat al-Nusra militants in 2014. The town of Kessab is home to 3 Armenian churches: The town is also home to an Alawite mosque built in the early 1970s. In 1909, as a result of the Turkish attack, the Armenian refugees from the surrounding villages of Kessab region, found refuge in the monastery and latterly moved to the village of Basit, aided by the monks of the monastery. In the 1990s Rev. In 1930, it was renamed Cilician School and subsequently; Cilician High School after the foundation of the secondary section in 1960. Karadash remained abandoned until 1942, when the many residents from the nearby village of Karadouran moved to the area of current-day Karadash, escaping huge landslips. But in fact the number of the Armenian population in Syria has declined during the recent 20 years, and it roughly counts 100,000 nowadays.

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