Another main threat is habitat destruction, as bushfires and grazing by livestock can also reduce the amount of suitable vegetation where wallabies can shelter. Fact sheet index, San Diego Zoo Global Library, Email the librarians at,, International Environment Library Consortium, Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, Feed mainly on grasses, supplemented with herbs, In one Australian study, grasses 60% of diet (Read & Fox 1991), Parma wallabies eat many varieties of fungi, both above-ground mushrooms and truffle-like species, 30 fungal taxa detected in fecal samples in one study (Vernes 2010), Different species consumed throughout year, Australia has over 2000 species of truffle-like (below-ground) fungi, Truffles form associations with tree roots ("mycorrhiza"), receiving nutrients in the form of sugars, Trees with mycorrhiza benefit from increased nutrient uptake, drought tolerance, and disease resistance, Animals obtain nutritious, easy-to-digest food from the truffles, The truffles reproduce more effectively when their spores pass through animals feces, Grasslands, grassy woodlands, heathlands, and sedge swamps bordering dense forests, Preferentially graze on previously ungrazed areas with abundant grasses, Consume food in an upright surveillance posture, Consistent with a small mammal's need to maximize energy intake while avoiding predation, At least double those of macropodid species living in drier habitats, At least double that of macropodid species living in drier habitats, Much lower tolerance than in browsing macropodid species, Tannins are bitter, protein-binding polyphenolic compounds produced by many plants for defense against browsers, Tannin-binding proteins in the saliva allow browsers to tolerate high levels of tannins in their diet, The parma wallaby, a grazer, has fewer of the tannin-binding salivary proteins than the red-necked pademelon, a browser. Some species of wallaby such as the Tammar wallaby live in areas where there is no fresh water supplies and have to reply on plant juices to satisfy their thirst, they can even drink salty sea water. It lives only in New South Wales, occupying wet, sclerophyll forests that have grassy openings and thick undergrowth. Engage in more intimate and personal animal experiences by purchasing a Wildlife Animal Encounter. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). According to the IUCN Red List, the total number of the Parma wallabies’ population is between 1,000 and 10,000 individuals. Some are very shy and need lots of bushes, shrubs and hiding places. These marsupials live throughout different regions of Australia, as well as New Guinea, and New Zealand. because of its similar diet an habitat to the parma wallaby it can be assumed that these two species also have similar general digestive physiology. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. There are many different species of these animals, each having its own unique features and traits. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The diet fed to macropods in captivity should be formulated with species-specific wild diets as a model. Threats They breed between the months of March and July, and produce one offspring each breeding season. The fore stomach walls are separated into three taeniae which  contain "semi-lunar fold between the taeniae" which form further haustrations; these structures allow for separation of solid and liquid digesta which is important in ensuring proper and efficient digestion of food (Langer P., Dellow D.W., & Hume I.D., 1980) These haustrations cause the stomach to have a colon-like appearance which is the most, feature of the red kangaroos digestive tract (Hume I.D., 1989). The joey is very small and must crawl into the pouch on its own. Animal craintif vivant dans les forêts sclérophylles du sud de la Nouvelle-Galles du Sud, il n'a jamais existé en grande quantité et dès la fin du XIX e siècle il semblait disparu. All Wallabies are marsupials, which means that they give birth to a very small baby, called a “joey,” which continues to grow and develop in a pouch on its mother’s abdomen. Some species have strong numbers and do not face extinction, while others are in immediate danger of disappearing from the face of the earth. The Parma wallaby is largely solitary, with two or at most three animals sometimes coming together to feed in favourable circumstances. When resting, they are somewhat round in appearance. Gestation is for about 35 days. The diet of the parma wallaby includes grasses and herbs found on the floor of wet sclerophyll forests, some of which include tussock grasses (i.e. After a pregnancy of around 35 days, the newborn attaches firmly to one of four teats in the mothers pouch, which it leaves at about 30 weeks, still suckling until approximately 10 months old. These wallabies are polygynandrous (promiscuous), two or more males mating with two or more female wallabies. The Parma Wallaby The life of the Parma wallaby and Red Kangaroo Diet Digestive anatomy Energy requirements References (Russell E.M., 1974). Joeys play fight to develop their social skills. Different species of these animals live in different habitat types. Males are larger and stronger than females. Weaning occurs at different rates based on the species. Groups and Breeding These are generally solitary animals, although they have been observed grazing in small groups of up to 3 to 4 animals. Parma wallabies are solitary, cryptic creatures. They also need secure enclosures for them to exercise and forage for food. Gestation is for about 35 days. No, Wallabies do not make good pets. Diet. Company Address: Wingham Wildlife Park 2008 Ltd, Rusham Road, Wingham, Kent, CT3 1JL. When resting they will often sit “tripod style,” being balanced on their hind legs and tail. Loading map... Key: known. A Parma wallaby is the smallest of the macropus family, which includes all wallabies and kangaroos. Humans have not domesticated Wallabies in any way. Reproductive behaviour. Microbial fermentation occurs mainly in the tubiform and sacciform (blind sac) regions of the fore stomach, with little occurring in the hind stomach, which is the main site of acid digestion (Hume I.D., 1989). For struggling populations, habitat destruction and hunting generally cause the most damage to the population. Diet Their diet consists of the leaves of low vegetation and also largely grass. Their diet consists of grasses and herbs. predicted. Group meals can be catered for, please phone before your visit. They will also communicate with their mates by clucking, or coughing, with hissing as another sign of aggression. Our website provides access to zoo, animal, plant, conservation, and veterinary information resources. The Wallaby is a small marsupial that lives in Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand. Researchers recognize at least 45 different species of these animals, though not all species go by the name “Wallaby.” Some species grouped under that general term include Pademelons, Dorcopsis, Hare-Wallabies, Rock-Wallabies, and more. Their social needs also vary by species, and those that live in groups in the wild also live in groups in zoos. Hume (1999)Jackson & Vernes (2011)Read & Fox (1991)Vernes (2010)Warburton (2005). The Parma wallaby is a native of the Great Dividing Range, which is between the Watagan Mountains and the Gibraltar Range in Eastern Australia. The newborn remains in its mother’s pouch. The Parma wallaby is found sometimes in dry, eucalypt forests but also in wet, tropical habitats. Wallabies are not able to move their back legs independently - unless they’re in water. Currently they are classified as near threatened (NT) on the List of threatened species. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Parma Wallaby on The IUCN Red List site -,, Their diet consists of the leaves of low vegetation and also largely grass. Diet Parma Wallabies are herbivores and feed on grasses and herbs. The largest species measures five or six feet long. They have brown fur with lighter markings on chest, face, neck, and sometimes on the end of their long tail. Indicative distribution.

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