), Life expectancy at birth Put another way, with nearly 4-5 million Arab inhabitants.[63][60]. [53], The Minority Rights Group report of 1985 (by Martin Short and Anthony McDermott) gave an estimate of 15% Kurds in the population of Turkey in 1980, i.e. male: 98.8% In terms of population throughout cities, it holds fifth place in the world. Please feel free share your comments and questions : For World Population Density Map Map, Direction, Location and Where Addresse, World Population Density Map Map and Get Direction, The Maiden's Tower (Kiz Kulesi) Istanbul, Turkey, Venice Travel Guide and What to do in Venice, Best Time to Mediterranean Cruises in 2020 and Route Destinations, Europe Top 10 Most Visited Countries in 2017, USA Population Transportation Physical Map. The number of the Laz speakers is decreasing and is now limited chiefly to the Rize and Artvin areas. Trends of immigration towards Turkey continue to this day, although the motives are more varied and are usually in line with the patterns of global immigration movements — Turkey, for example, receives many economic migrants from nearby countries such as Armenia, the Moldova, Georgia, Iran, and Azerbaijan, but also from Central Asia. ), Absolute Births and Deaths by Region and Year, Total fertility rate (TFR) by province and year, Total births and deaths by region and year, CIA World Factbook demographic statistics, Modern Turkey, Bill Park, Taylor & Francis, 2011, page 10. In recent years, centrist Turkish politicians have attempted to redefine this category in a more multi-cultural way, emphasizing that a Türk is anyone who is a citizen of the Republic of Turkey. The population is relatively young, with 23.6% falling in the 0–14 age bracket. Istanbul – Population: 14,967,667. Other sources cite much lower figures, for the province/metropolitan municipality (metropolitan area). )[107], Sex ratio Kurds are the largest ethnic group in Istanbul, with a population of 3 million. [13], Figures from Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat):[14], Structure of the population (2015):[16][17][18]. [79][80] Only a minority are bilingual in Turkish and their native Laz language which belongs to the South Caucasian group. The majority belong to the Armenian Apostolic faith, with smaller numbers of Armenian Catholics and Armenian Evangelicals. Therefore, the official number of Muslims also includes people with no religion; converted from Islam to a different religion than Islam; and anyone who is of a different religion than their parents but has not applied for a change of their individual records. It is predicted that by 2020, the population will reach approximately 17,000,000 people and be even more culturally and socially diverse. This is perhaps due to the mountainous terrain of the southeast of the country, where they predominate and represent a majority. [51] Another estimate, according to Ibrahim Sirkeci, in his book The Environment of Insecurity in Turkey and the Emigration of Turkish Kurds to Germany, based on the 1990 Turkish Census and 1993 Turkish Demographic Health Survey, is 17.8%. [93][94][95] 18% of male Muslim citizens regularly attend Friday prayers. 3 (Wider Communication): "The language is used in work and mass media without official status to transcend language differences across a region." 1.05 male(s)/female [66] Up to 300,000 of Azeris who reside in Turkey are citizens of Azerbaijan. Even though many Kurds have been migrating to cities in Western Turkey or Western Europe, cities in south-east Turkey are still growing at a faster rate than others. [43] On the other hand, Kurdish-speaking or Arabic-speaking Sunnis of eastern Anatolia are sometimes considered to be Turks. In 1995 estimates of the number of Kurds in Turkey is about 8.5 million" out of 61.2 million, or 13% of the population at that time. 9 (Dormant): "The language serves as a reminder of heritage identity for an ethnic community, but no one has more than symbolic proficiency." This is Istanbul's population pyramid. A recent study estimates that there are 2,708,000 marriages between Turks and Kurds. The last census data according to language date from 1965 and major changes may have occurred since then. [3], The figures from the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs:[8], Birth statistics of Turkey from 2001 onward are from the Central Population Administrative System (MERNIS) database which is available on-line. female: According to figures released by the Foreign Ministry in December 2008, there are 89,000 Turkish citizens designated as belonging to a minority, two thirds of Armenian descent. age 15 and over can read and write Since then, the population has ballooned to 15 million residents. ", Although numerous modern genetic studies have indicated that the present-day Turkish population is primarily descended from historical Anatolian groups,[31][32][33][34][35][36][37] the first Turkic-speaking people lived in a region extending from Central Asia to Siberia and were palpable after the 6th century BC. [106], The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook:[51], Age structure The population of Arabs in Turkey varies according to different sources. [38] Seventh-century Chinese sources preserve the origins of the Turks stating that they were a branch of the Hsiung-nu (Huns) and living near the "West Sea", perhaps the Caspian Sea. The Roma in Turkey descend from the times of the Byzantine Empire. The state does not recognise the Ecumenical status of the, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 23:34. According to Milliyet, a 2008 report prepared for the National Security Council of Turkey by academics of three Turkish universities in eastern Anatolia suggested that there are approximately 55 million ethnic Turks, 9.6 million Kurds, 3 million Zazas, 2.5 million Circassians, 2 million Bosniaks, 500,000-1.3 million Albanians, 1,000,000 Georgians, 870,000 Arabs, 600,000 Pomaks, 80,000 Laz, 60,000 Armenians, 25,000 Assyrians/Syriacs, 20,000 Jews, and 15,000 Greeks, 500 Yazidis living in Turkey. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Turkey, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.. Icduygu, A., Toktas, S., & Soner, B. [84], Zazas[85][86] are a people in eastern Anatolia who natively speak the Zaza language. 65 years and over: While Istanbul has always been a major city, in the past 50 years it has seen truly astronomic population growth. Smaller minorities are the Armenians, Greeks. 8b (Nearly Extinct): "The only remaining users of the language are members of the grandparent generation or older who have little opportunity to use the language." Similarly, in 2012, the TFR ranged from 1.43 in Kırklareli, to 4.39 in Şanlıurfa. Armenians in Turkey are indigenous to Anatolia & Armenian highlands well over 3000 years, an estimated population of 40,000 (1995) to 70,000. The question of ethnicity in modern Turkey is a highly debated and difficult issue. adjective: [52] Other estimates include 15.7% of the population according to the newspaper Milliyet,[27] and 23% by Kurdologist David McDowall. 14. Kurdish-language TV broadcasts on 7/24 basis at the public frequency denominated in the government-owned, Non-Muslim minority numbers are said to be falling rapidly, mainly as a result of aging, migration (to, There is concern over the future of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate, which suffers from a lack of trained clergy due to the closure of the Halki school. total population: An estimated 40,000-50,000 Assyrians/Syriacs live in Turkey, with about 17,000 in Istanbul and the other 23-33,000 scattered in southeast Turkey primarily in Turabdin, Diyarbakir, Adiyaman, and Harput respectively. [74], Shireen Hunter noted in a 2010 publication that there were some 500,000 Iranians in Turkey.[75]. There are no official statistics of people's religious beliefs nor is it asked in the census. 25–54 years: 43.26% (male 17,798,864/female 17,349,228) According to the latest sources by Ipsos,[87] in 2016 Islam was the major religion in Turkey comprising 82% of the total population, followed by religiously unaffiliated people, comprising 13% of the population, and Christians, forming 0.2%. 55–64 years: 8a (Moribund): "The only remaining active users of the language are members of the grandparent generation and older." Turkey's migrant crisis is a period during 2010s characterized by high numbers of people arriving in Turkey. 81.0 years (2019 est. In terms of population throughout cities, it holds fifth place in the world. [96][97], Religious groups according to estimates:[88][98], The vast majority of the present-day Turkish people are Muslim and the most popular sect is the Hanafite school of Sunni Islam, which was officially espoused by the Ottoman Empire; according to the KONDA Research and Consultancy survey carried out throughout Turkey on 2007:[99], In 2018 KONDA released a new study :[100][101], Among those aged between 15 and 29 years old :[102], Provinces with Turkish speakers in majority   Provinces with Turkish speakers in plurality   Provinces with Kurdish speakers in plurality   Provinces with Kurdish speakers in majority, Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking pluralities. female: The crude birth rate in 2010 ranged from 11.5 per 1,000 in West Marmara (TFR 1.52) (11,5;1.55 in 2011), similar to neighbouring Bulgaria, to 27.9 per 1,000 in Southeast Anatolia (TFR 3.53) (27.1;3,42 in 2011), similar to neighbouring Syria.

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