to the extinction of knowledge of foreign languages. They have gradually developed their own schools and churches to become a well-organized community during the 15th century with the establishment of the Armenian Diocese of Beroea in Aleppo. google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; The Christians were also represented in specialized technical jobs and as artisans and traders. They feel isolated and place little faith in their future in Syria. The Syrian Orthodox has three dioceses in Iraq (Mossul, Basra, Baghdad) and the Syrian Catholics, two dioceses (Mar Matta, near Mossul, and Baghdad). The history of the Christians of Syria corresponds with the early history of Christianity itself. "+string+"&jver="+js_version+ Vartanian Primary School (1936-1980): was located in the Ashrafiyeh district. In the same vein, there was an effort to give to different Iraqi ethnic and religious groups a sense of belonging to one united entity, defining a new "Iraqi man. In modern-day Syria before the civil war, cities were divided into culturally distinct quarters: one where you would find the Armenians, another populated by Assyrians. In practice, one church is by far the most influential: the Chaldean Catholics (390,300), inheritors of the local historical religious tradition. After the arrival of the first groups of Armenian refugees coming from the death camps in Deir ez Zor and historic Armenia (1915–1922) the population of Aleppo in 1922 counted 156,748 of which Muslims were 97,600 (62.26%), native Christians -mostly Catholics- 22,117 (14.11%), Jews 6,580 (4.20%), Europeans 2,652 (1.70%), Armenian refugees 20,007 (12.76%) and others 7,792 (4.97%). The kindergarten is operating in the Meydan quarter. The majority of the population according to J.Loran has been Armenians and Greeks, The Armenian Catholicos Khatchig Arshagouny who has established the Archbishopric Seat between 973 and 992 has continued his mission till the 13th Century. During the first centuries of spreading Christianity Antioch(Antakya) and Yetesia (Ourfa) have been presented as important places for religion and culture where many Armenian Students have studied there. hotlog_r+="&js="+hotlog_js; "y":"n") Armenian quarters were formed during the 11th century in Antioch, Aleppo, Ayntab, Marash, Kilis, etc. if(MSFPhover) { MSFPnav6n=MSFPpreload("../_derived/Armenian_Library.htm_cmp_Arctic110_vbtn.gif"); MSFPnav6h=MSFPpreload("../_derived/Armenian_Library.htm_cmp_Arctic110_vbtn_a.gif"); } The villages of Kessab and Yakubiyah had Armenian majority prior to the civil war, and both are located near the contested border region of Hatay Province. Under Tigranes the Great, Armenians invaded Syria and the city of Antioch was chosen as one of the four capitals of the short-lived Armenian Empire. (((navigator.appName == "Netscape") && Still, the Christians aspire to leave it, just like their coreligionists who remain under Baghdad's control. On the other hand, another Armenian military General officer from Ayntab; Aram Karamanoukian had become the artillery commander of the Syrian Army during the same period. [40] In ophthalmology, Dr. Robert Jebejian (1909-2001) was among the first ophthalmologists in Syria. hotlog_js="1.2"; Some 20 percent of the teachers at schools and universities were Christian. hotlog_r+="&js="+hotlog_js; Syria has been one of the Roman Emperor's cities from Among them are the Armenian Orthodox (112,000), and Armenian Catholics (25,000), the Syrian Orthodox (89,000) and Syrian Catholics (22,000) who were rescued in refugee camps in Aleppo and the Djezirah. hotlog_js="1.1";hotlog_r+="&j="+(navigator.javaEnabled()? The Armenian Evangelical Church of Karadouran, Kessab. The Armenian Republic General Consulate has established on 28th May in 1993,in Aleppo. setTimeout(function() { In cities, Christian small traders and craftsmen are very dynamic. Up to 1974, the school was operating in the old Christian quarter near Jdeydeh, when it was moved to a new modern building in Sulaimaniyah district. Finally, it would also be useful to create centers dedicated to the study of the problems of the Christian Arabic communities, to follow their evolution, and provide accurate information on a regular basis concerning their situation. hotlog_js="1.0"; By escaping The Armenians from the Byzantine occupation as well as Seljuk-Turkish pursuits, they have emigrated to Syria and Mesopotamia, meantime the Armenian third emigration to Syria has realized between. Its religious leader, the patriarch of Diocese of Kessab: covers the Catholic Armenian population in the. Although the Armenians have had a long history in Syria, most arrived there during the Armenian Genocide committed by the Ottoman Empire. Armenians in Syria are present in both rural and Urban areas. if(MSFPhover) { MSFPnav19n=MSFPpreload("../_derived/back_cmp_ice110_back.gif"); MSFPnav19h=MSFPpreload("../_derived/back_cmp_ice110_back_a.gif"); } Still the Syriac dialect of Iraq, the Sureth, is transmitted within the family, in catechism classes on The Chaldeans of the Djezirah depend on a bishop established in Aleppo. Where he has mentioned in one of his writings that being Armenians in Syria they have ruled on their villages, churches, abbeys  ( monastery).consequently, the Third Patriarch Mar Atanas has asked from  the Armenian There are several reasons for this trend: (1) The severe drought of recent years that has made it difficult for peasants of all religions to make a living. In the framework of the new world economy and globalization, international financial grosups and non-governmental organizations could offer their expertise and support to The entire peoples of that widespread Empire have had direct relations together ,at the same time, Dikranagerd as a cultural and business big and important place has established. // --> . Nowadays, his son Mardik Mardikian is a member of the Syria national football team. It has a kindergarten, an elementary section, and since 2004; a secondary section. Both the Euphrates and Tigris rivers as a main vein have connected Armenia to the southern Countries. The current Cabinet of Syria has one Armenian member after Nazira Farah Sarkis has been named as State Minister for Environment Affairs in June 2012. // -->,