https://www.britannica.com/topic/history-of-Switzerland, House of Habsburg: Austria and the rise of the Habsburgs in Germany, anti-Semitism: Anti-Semitism since the Holocaust and outside Europe, military technology: The infantry revolution, c. 1200–1500. During the Iron Age, from about 800 bce on, the area that was to become Switzerland was inhabited by Celts in the west and Raetians in the east. In Switzerland: History Switzerland’s history is one of a medieval defensive league formed during a time and in an area lacking imperial authority. A republican form of government was established by a peaceful revolution in 1848, and after long negotiations and several attempts at…, …legal system in all the Swiss cantons, particularly highlighting two features: safety on the highways for traders and nonintervention by foreign priests. The exhibition also crosses a time boundary that is often considered taboo for historical museums. Noté /5. The 16th century in Western Europe was dominated by the Reformation, a movement which divided western Christianity into two camps. Deutsch, Französisch, Italienisch und Englisch. Guided tours for school classes from Switzerland are free of charge. Much of the territory covered by present-day Switzerland is mountainous. By continuing to use myswitzerland.com you accept our data protection and cookie policy. Les membres Amazon Prime profitent de la livraison accélérée gratuite sur des millions d’articles, d’un accès à des milliers de films et séries sur Prime Video, et de nombreux autres avantages. These often also led to renewals within the Catholic Church and its territories. Agrarian Switzerland developed into an industrial state with the result that there were more immigrants than emigrants and the standard of living rose significantly. Gouache and calligraphy on paper. Swiss National Museum, Seal of the Federal Treaty, print, after 1816, Zurich. Please note that the downloading and use of images is reserved exclusively for journalists, teachers and other authorised parties. With the free ‘Landesmuseum’ app, you can listen to the audio guides to the exhibitions on your own Smartphone. Digital print. Although the riots and destruction were fought on a religious level, this reflected, above all, the desire for social change and the social tensions that existed primarily between town and country. The Celts were noted for their metalwork, original ceramics, and superb jewelry crafted from gold. For the first time in its history, Switzerland was forced to abandon its neutrality and to provide troops for France. The Swiss Confederation dates to 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. Switzerland is one of the oldest nations in Europe. Although Switzerland remained politically neutral – it did not actively participate in either of the two World Wars – neutrality remained the subject of intense debate. Swiss National Museum, Federal constitution of 1848, Laurenz Lüthi, Solothurn. Enamelled sheet metal. The 20th century was generally marked by a series of striking developments in the political, economic and social arenas. Defeated by Julius Caesar at Bibracte (modern Mont Beuvray, France) in the opening campaign of the Gallic Wars, the Helvetii survivors returned to their Swiss lands as dependent but privileged allies (foederati) of Rome and thus filled a vacuum that otherwise might have precipitated further Germanic encroachment. The 17th century saw three further landmarks in the development of modern-day Switzerland. Tourism begins with British mountaineers climbing the main peaks of the Bernese Alps in the early 19th century (Jungfrau 1811, Finsteraarhorn 1812). The continually renewed attempts to overcome these divisions made it possible to become a modern, sovereign state in the heart of Europe. Napoleon's invasion of Switzerland was a turning point in the country's history. Tour: 1 hour
 The tour through the centuries begins in the late Middle Ages and ends with the challenges facing democratic institutions in the present. A rough boundary between the tribes ran from Lake Constance to the San Bernardino by way of the Linth valley. Gemeinde Unterbäch Domestically there was a shift towards a multi-party system. How did this come about? In 1798, French troops invaded Switzerland and proclaimed a centralised state. Guided tours are free of charge for school classes from Switzerland. In addition to citizenship, the right to vote and separation of powers, a democratic society needs an integrative community. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The tour illustrates Swiss history from the Middle Ages to the present day. Stiftung für Kunst, Kultur und Geschichte, Winterthur About 500 BC a Celtic people called the Helveti entered Switzerland from the west. The Alpine Club in London was founded in 1857. …1845, by the seven Catholic Swiss cantons (Luzern, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug, Fribourg, and Valais) to oppose anti-Catholic measures by Protestant liberal cantons. Mario und Hélène Comensoli Stiftung, Zürich Oil on canvas. The French Revolution and the subsequent Napoleonic wars changed the face of Europe. The growing phase of Switzerland (1291 - 1815): Year Fact; 1291: The 3 Cantons Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden - the so called "Ur-Kantone" unite against the surrounding aggressors. In the 19th century some Swiss villages provided sponsorship to enable poorer members of their community to emigrate, to stave off financial ruin for the village. Switzerland’s administrative capital is Bern, while Lausanne serves as its judicial center. Under Roman influence, the population reached a high level of civilization and enjoyed a flourishing commerce. The Thirty Years’ War ended for the Confederation with its separation from the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The Confederation was enlarged in various ways with some areas joining voluntarily and as equal members while others were more or less forced. At the same time, aristocratic families increased their power by conquest, inheritance and marriage policy. In postcommunist Russia, political opposition…, The Swiss government and its bankers had to confront their role as bankers to the Nazis and in recycling gold and valuables taken from the victims. Nous utilisons des cookies et des outils similaires pour faciliter vos achats, fournir nos services, pour comprendre comment les clients utilisent nos services afin de pouvoir apporter des améliorations, et pour présenter des annonces. It brought about a more centralised form of government and a single economic area, which put an end to the cantonal rivalries and enabled economic development. It was originally printed in 1855 {M.DCCC.LV}. Two wars brought about the end of this policy of expansion: The victorious Swabian War in the north and the Italian campaigns in the south, in which the Confederates were defeated. 2 - Worksheets and solutions (PDF, 5 MB), Activity booklet "History of Switzerland" (PDF, 3 MB), Important information for teachers (PDF, 103 KB), Merkblatt für den Museumsbesuch (PDF, 58 KB), Tour of the exhibition “History of Switzerland” (PDF, 87 KB), © 2020 Schweizerisches Nationalmuseum | Created by, Aaron Estermann, Sandra von Euw, Selina Stuber, Adrian Baschung, Jürg Burlet, Cyril Dessemontet, Andrea Franzen, Boris Hänssler, Joya Indermühle, Marco Jorio, Elisabeth Joris, Michael Jucker, Michael Kempf, Rebecca Sanders, Hans Rudolf Schelling, Christian Schorno, Daniela Schwab, Christina Sonderegger, Francesco Spöring, Texetera GmbH: Erik Thurnherr, LDSGN: Thomas Lehmann mit Büro4 AG für Gestaltung + Kommunikation, Thomas Bucher, Büro4 AG für Gestaltung + Kommunikation, Claudiabasel GmbH, Ulrich Heiniger, IJsfontein Interactive Media GmbH (Medienkonzept Sektion 21. All came as a result of the 30 Years' War (1618-48). 1291 is traditionally regarded as being the founding year of the Confederation – this was when three rural valley communities banded together in order to be better prepared for attacks from the outside. Must knows about the history of Switzerland Switzerland was founded on August 1, 1291.

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